Ferrara is located in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy, a few km away from the city of Bologna The town developed on a ford over the Po river and became a center for art and culture, which attracted several artists and intellectuals, especially in the 15th and the 16th centuries. Magnificent reminiscences of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance live on in palaces, houses, churches, museums, squares, courtyards and alleys.
Ferrara has been included in the list of world heritage sites by UNESCO, for its exceptional beauty and its important place in the culture and art of Italy
The House of Este, also known as the Castle of Saint Michele or the Castle Estense, is one of the most important buildings in Ferrara. It is a medieval structure with a moat and is located in the center of the town (map). The castle is a quadrangular compound formed by several buildings, protected on their four corners by towers.
The eight kilometers of brick walls that surround Ferrara's historic center are among the oldest and most complete Medieval/Renaissance defensive systems in Italy.
The University of Ferrara offers a unique historical environment. The university library houses retains part of manuscript of the Orlando furioso and letters by Tasso. Its famous graduates include Nicolaus Copernicus (1503) and Paracelsus. The campus also shelters the University of Ferrara Botanic Garden.